Pre-eclampsia can make expectant mothers develop high blood pressure even though the expectant mother may not have had any symptoms or risk factor before becoming pregnant. pre-eclampsia often occurs late in pregnancy all though it is unknown of the exact cause of pre-eclampsia it is thought to be a problem regarding the placenta. Expectant mothers need to be aware of signs and symptoms that is involved with having pre-eclampsia due to the risks that may result for the safety of mother and child.
Serious complications are uncommon but include the following for the mother:
Eclampsia (described above).
Liver, kidney, and lung problems.
A blood clotting disorder.
A stroke (bleeding into the brain).
Severe bleeding from the placenta.
HELLP syndrome. This occurs in about 1 in 5 women who have severe pre-eclampsia. HELLP stands for ‘haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets’ which are some of the medical features of this severe form of pre-eclampsia. Haemolysis means that your blood cells start to break down. Elevated liver enzymes means that your liver has become affected. Low platelets means that the number of platelets in your blood is low and you are at risk of serious bleeding problems.
Damage that may occur to baby if not treated properly,
The poor blood supply in the placenta can reduce the amount of nutrients and oxygen to the growing baby. On average, babies of mothers with pre-eclampsia tend to be smaller. There is also an increased risk of premature birth and of stillbirth. Babies are also more likely to develop breathing problems after they are born.
common symptoms of pre-eclampsia are high blood pressure, protein in the water (urine) and retaining fluids, a doctor or midwife may prescribe medication, recommend early delivery of the baby or take other actions depending on how bad the condition is for the expectant mother.